Torture Research

20th Century and Contemporary Individual Country Studies

with one comment

For contemporary torture practices, scholars should consult the web sites and publications of Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Human Rights First, and Physicians for Human Rights. The U.S. State Department publishes summaries of human rights practices that are worth consulting. Scholars should keep in mind that the amount of torture reported is not directly related to the amount of torture that occurs; reporting on human rights abuses varies according to how much access monitors can gain to the country, and how much interest the international community takes in the country. Thus, very little torture is reported from North Korea, not because it does not occur, but because the North Korean government successfully blocks observers from the country. A great deal of information is available on areas of interest to the international community like Israel and Palestine, and much less is available from places of less interest, including many of the countries of Africa.

            In addition to human rights sources, the following academic publications on human rights abuses are available for each of these countries:

Argentina:

Feitlowitz, Marguerite. 1998. A Lexicon of Terror: Argentina and the Legacies of Torture. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gregory, Steven, and Daniel Timerman. 1986. “Rituals of the Modern State: The Case of Torture in Argentina.” Dialectical Anthropology 11(1), 63-71.

Guest, Iain. 1990. Behind the Disappearances: Argentina’s Dirty War Against Human Rights and the United Nations. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Lewis, Paul H. 2002. Guerrillas and Generals: The “Dirty War” in Argentina. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger.

Brazil:

Archdiocese of Sao Paulo.  Torture in Brazil [Brasil: Nunca Mais] (New York: Vintage, 1986).

Huggins, Martha K. 2002. “State Violence in Brazil: The Professional Morality of Torturers.” In Susan Rotker, ed., Citizens of Fear: Urban Violence in Latin America, (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press), 141-151.

Huggins, Martha K., Mika Haritos-Fatouros, and Philip G. Zimbardo. 2002. Violence Workers: Police Torturers and Murders Reconstruct Brazilian Atrocities. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Cambodia:

Chandler, David.  Voices From S-21: Terror and History in Pol Pot’s Secret Prison (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999).

Chile:

Ensalaco, Mark. 2000. Chile Under Pinochet: Recovering the Truth. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

China:

Seymour, James D., and Richard Anderson. 1998. New Ghosts and Old Ghosts: Prisons and Labor Reform Camps in China. Armonk, New York: M. E. Sharpe.

Wu, Yuan-li, Franz Michael, John F. Copper, Ta-ling Lee, Maria Hsia Chang, and A. James Gregor. 1988. Human Rights in the People’s Republic of China. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Colombia:

Taussig, Michael. 1984. “Culture of Terror – Space of Death. Roger Casement’s Putumayo Report and the Explanation of Torture.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 26, 467-497.

Cuba:

Gomez, Mayra. 2003. Human Rights in Cuba, El Salvador, and Nicaragua: A Sociological Perspective on Human Rights Abuse. New York: Routledge.

El Salvador:

Gomez, Mayra. 2003. Human Rights in Cuba, El Salvador, and Nicaragua: A Sociological Perspective on Human Rights Abuse. New York: Routledge.

France – Algeria:

Maran, Rita. 1989. Torture: The Role of Ideology in the French-Algerian War. New York: Praeger.

Talbott, John. 1980. The War Without a Name: France in Algeria, 1954-1962. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

France – Vietnam:

Dommen, Arthur J. 2001. The Indochinese Experience of the French and the Americans: Nationalism and Communism in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Fourniau, Charles. 2002. Vietnam: Domination Coloniale et Résistance Nationale, 1858-1914. Paris: Indes Savantes.

Vidal-Naquet, Pierre. 1963. Torture: Cancer of Democracy, France and Algeria 1954-62. Translated by Barry Richard. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books.

Germany and Nazi-occupied Europe:

DeLarue, Jacques. 1964. The Gestapo: A History of Horror. Translated by Mervyn Savill. New York: William Morrow and Company.

Johnson, Eric A. 1999. Nazi Terror: The Gestapo, Jews, and Ordinary Germans. New York: Basic Books.

Greece:

Haritos-Fatouros, Mika. 2003. The Psychological Origins of Institutionalized Torture. London: Routledge.

Iran:

Abrahamian, Ervand. 1999. Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran.

Mossallenejed, Ezat. 2005. Torture in the Age of Fear. Hamilton, Ontario: Seraphim.

Rejali, Darius. 1994. Torture and Modernity: Self, Society, and State in Modern Iran. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Israel:

Conroy, John. 2000. Unspeakable Acts, Ordinary People: The Dynamics of Torture. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Felner, Eitan. 2005. “Torture and Terrorism: Painful Lessons from Israel.” In Kenneth Roth, Minky Worden, and Amy D. Bernstein, eds., Torture: Does It Make Us Safer? Is It Ever OK? A Human Rights Perspective, pp. 28-43. New York: The New Press.

Gordon, Neve, and Ruchama Marton, eds. 1995. Torture: Human Rights, Medical Ethics, and the Case of Israel. London: Zed Books.

Ron, James. 1997. “Varying Methods of State Violence.” International Organization 51(2), 275-300.

Nicaragua:

Allodi, Federico.  “Somoza’s National Guard: A Study of Human Rights Abuses, Psychological Health and Moral Development.”  In Crelinsten, Ronald D., and Alex P. Schmid, eds.  The Politics of Pain: Torturers and Their Masters (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1995), 113-128.

Gomez, Mayra. 2003. Human Rights in Cuba, El Salvador, and Nicaragua: A Sociological Perspective on Human Rights Abuse. New York: Routledge.

North Korea:

Doyle, Robert C. 1994. Voices from Captivity: Interpreting the American POW Narrative. Lawrence: University of Kansas.

United Kingdom in Kenya:

Anderson, David. 2005. Histories of the Hanged: The Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire. New York: W. W. Norton.

Elkins, Caroline. 2005. Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain’s Gulag in Kenya. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

United Kingdom in Northern Ireland:

Conroy, John. 2000. Unspeakable Acts, Ordinary People: The Dynamics of Torture. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

United States – domestic police:

Conroy, John. 2000. Unspeakable Acts, Ordinary People: The Dynamics of Torture. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

United States in Iraq/Afghanistan/Global War on Terror:

Adams, Guy B., Danny L. Balfour, and George E. Reed. 2006. “Abu Ghraib, Administrative Evil, and Moral Inversion: The Value of ‘Putting Cruelty First.’” Public Administration Review September/October 2006, 680-693.

Brody, Reed. 2004. “The Road to Abu Ghraib.” New York: Human Rights Watch.

Brody, Reed. 2005. “Getting Away with Torture? Command Responsibility for the U.S. Abuse of Detainees.” New York: Human Rights Watch.

Brody, Reed. 2006. “By the Numbers: Findings of the Detainee Abuse and Accountability Project.” New York: Human Rights Watch.

Danner, Mark. 2004. Torture and Truth: America, Abu Ghraib, and the War on Terror. New York: New York Review.

Forsythe, David P. 2006. “United States Policy toward Enemy Detainees in the ‘War on Terrorism.’” Human Rights Quarterly 28 (2006) 465–491.

Greenberg, Karen J.,  and Joshua L. Dratel. 2005. The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hooks, Gregory, and Clayton Mosher. 2005. “Outrages Against Personal Dignity: Rationalizing Abuse and Torture in the War on Terror.” Social Forces 83(4), 1627-1646.

Huggins, Martha K. 2005. “Torture 101: Lessons from the Brazilian Case.” Journal of Third World Studies 22(2), 161-173.

Hersch, Seymour. 2004. Chain of Command: The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib. New York: HarperCollins.

Human Rights Watch. 2005. “Getting Away with Torture? Command Responsibility for the U.S. Abuse of Detainees.” New York: Human Rights Watch.

Human Rights Watch. 2005. “The New Iraq? Torture and Ill-Treatment of Detainees in Iraqi Custody.” New York: Human Rights Watch.

Keller, Allen S. 2006. “Torture in Abu Ghraib.” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49(4), 553–69.

Mackey, Chris, with Greg Miller. 2004. The Interrogator’s War: Inside the Secret War Against Al Qaeda. London: John Murray.

Margulies, Joseph. 2006. Guantanamo and the Abuse of Presidential Power. New York: Simon and Schuster.

McCoy, Charles. 2006. A Question of Torture : CIA Interrogation, from the Cold War to the War on Terror. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Mestrovic, Stjepan G. 2007. The Trials of Abu Ghraib: An Expert Witness Account of Shame and Honor. Boulder, Colorado: Paradigm.

Miles, Steven H. 2006. Oath Betrayed: Military Medicine and the War on Terror. New York: Random House.

Otterman, Michael. 2007. American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond. London: Pluto Press.

Robinson, Paul. 2007. “Ethics Training and Development in the Military.” Parameters, Spring 2007, 22-36.

Rose, David. 2004. Guantanamo: The War on Human Rights. New York: The New Press.

Sifton, John. 2004. “Enduring Freedom: Abuses by U.S. Forces in Afghanistan.” New York: Human Rights Watch.

United States – the Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902):

Linn, Brian McAllister. 1989. The U.S. Army and Counterinsurgency in the Philippine War, 1899-1902. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

May, Glenn A. 1984. “Private Presher and Sergeant Vergara: The Underside of the Philippine-American War.” Pages 35-57 in Peter W. Stanley, ed., Reappraising an Empire: New Perspectives on Philippine-American History. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

May, Glenn Anthony. 1991. Battle For Batangas: A Philippine Province at War. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Miller, Stuart Creighton. 1984. “The American Soldier and the Conquest of the Philippines.” Pages 13-34 in Peter W. Stanley, ed., Reappraising an Empire: New Perspectives on Philippine-American History. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

United States – Vietnam War:

Citizens Commission of Inquiry, eds. 1972. The Dellums Committee Hearings on War Crimes in Vietnam: An Inquiry into Command Responsibility in Southeast Asia. New York: Vintage.

Dommen, Arthur J. 2001. The Indochinese Experience of the French and the Americans: Nationalism and Communism in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Frey-Wouters, Ellen, and Robert S. Laufer. 1986. Legacy of a War: The American Soldier in Vietnam. Armonk, New York: M. E. Sharpe.

Valentine, Douglas. 1990. The Phoenix Program. New York: William Morrow.

Vietnam Veterans Against the War. 1972. The Winter Soldier Investigation: Inquiries into American War Crimes. Boston: Beacon Press.

USSR and Warsaw Pact:

Brunner, Georg, et al. 1990. Before Reforms: Human Rights in the Warsaw Pact States 1971-1988. London: Hurst and Company. Lists practices of torture on pp. 423-7.

Courtois, Stephane, Nicolas Werth, Jean-Louis Panne, Andrzej Paczkowski, Karel Bartosek, and Jean-Louis Margolin. 1999. The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression. Consulting Editor, Mark Kramer; Translated by Jonathan Murphy and Mark Kramer. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Vietnam – US POW’s:

Doyle, Robert C. 1994. Voices from Captivity: Interpreting the American POW Narrative. Lawrence: University of Kansas.

Rochester, Stuart I., and Frederick Kiley. 1998. Honor Bound: The History of American Prisoners of War in Southeast Asia, 1961-1973. Washington, DC: Historical Office, Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Advertisements

Written by tortureresearch

January 27, 2010 at 8:08 pm

One Response

Subscribe to comments with RSS.

  1. your web page looks very interesting and helpful. I will use it when making final revisions to my forthcoming book: The Politics of Prisoner Abuse: The US and Enemy Prisoners after 9/11 (Cambridge U. Press), forthcoming

    Dave Forsythe

    May 7, 2010 at 12:56 am


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: